Introduction Inflammation is part of the complex biological reaction of the tissues of the body to harmful stimuli, such as bacteria, damaged cells or irritants, and is a defensive reaction involving immune cells, blood vessels and molecular mediators.  Inflammation has the purpose of removing the initial cause of cell injury, clearing necrotic cells and damagedContinue reading “Inflammation”


BY: SHAILY SHARMA (MSIWM041) Streptococcus pyogenes (which is also called group A streptococcus) is by far one of the most harmful and serious streptococcal pathogens of humans. It is a strict pathogen that inhabits the throat, nasopharynx and occasionally even the skin in humans.  Dissemination of the bacteria to other sites within the body causesContinue reading “PATHOGEN PROFILE OF STREPTOCOCCUS PYOGENES”


                     By: N. Shreya Mohan (MSIWM042) Stem cells are a group of undifferentiated cells that will differentiate into various types cells and proliferate indefinitely. They originate from cell lineages. They exact opposite to the progenitor cells, which does not proliferate indefinitely. In mammal, typically about 50-150 cells combine to form the inner cell mass (ICM) duringContinue reading “STEM CELLS”


BY: Ezhuthachan Mithu Mohanan (MSIWM043) Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycaemia which results in a lack of insulin secretion, insulin action, or both the conditions. Metabolic abnormalities are caused due to a low level of resistance to insulin. The effect of symptoms can be classified based on the type and duration of diabetes.Continue reading “DIABETES”

Pathogen profile of Klebsiella pneumoniae:

BY: SHAILY SHARMA (MSIWM041) Klebsiella pneumoniae is the pathogen that causes pneumonia and septicemia (blood infections) which is usually found in the normal flora of the mouth skin and the intestines. It may also cause meningitis and bacteremia. Normally when they occur in the intestines, the organism is harmless. However, the spreading of the organismContinue reading “Pathogen profile of Klebsiella pneumoniae:”

Overview of infections of respiratory tract and its pathogens

By: Shaily Sharma (MSIWM041) A brief overview of the infections of the respiratory tract and its pathogens: The respiratory tract along with the gastrointestinal tracts is one of the major connections between the interiors of the body and the outside environment. The respiratory tract is the pathway is that pathway of the body through whichContinue reading “Overview of infections of respiratory tract and its pathogens”


BY: Reddy Sailaja M (MSIWM030) HORMONES A hormone is a signaling molecule secreted by endocrine glands in response to physiological stimuli in multi cellular organisms. These hormones circulate in blood and reach its destination to exert specific function. Hormones help maintain physiological and behavioral functions in the organisms. Hormones are classified into three main classes:Continue reading “DETECTION OF PEPTIDE HORMONES”


BY- K. Sai Manogna (MSIWM014) Introduction : Poxviruses are part of the family Poxviridae and can infect humans and animals alike. Smallpox (variola), vaccinia, cowpox, monkeypox, buffalopox, aracatuba, and cantagalo viruses are orthopoxviruses. Orf virus, pseudo cowpox virus, deer poxvirus, bovine papular stomatitis virus, and sealpox virus are parapoxviruses. Yatapoxviruses include the tanapox virus, whichContinue reading “Poxvirus”


BY: Ria Fazulbhoy (MSIWM031) How does it occur? This disease is currently the leading cause of death, worldwide. The ischemic heart disease is also known as coronary artery disease (CAD), atherosclerotic heart disease and coronary heart disease (CHD). The disease occurs due to the blockage of the arteries leading to inadequate blood supply to theContinue reading “CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE/ ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE”


BY: Ria Fazulbhoy (MSIWM031) Parkinson disease is a disease related to the nervous system and nerve damage. It drastically affects the patient and progressively worsens over time. The progression takes place in 5 stages, which go from low risk symptoms to more drastic ones.  It affects over 100,000 people worldwide each year. At present, approximatelyContinue reading “PARKINSON’S DISEASE”